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財團法人國際合作發展基金會

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2030 Strategic Plan
2030 Strategic Plan
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Priority Areas

The strategic plan has six major priority areas: food security and rural development, health, learning and capacity building, governance, climate change and ocean sustainability, and economic development and global partnerships. They are described below:

Food Security and Rural Development

Agriculture projects have always been an important form of development aid since Taiwan first sent an agricultural technical team to Vietnam in 1959. Taiwan has primarily assisted the economic development of farming communities in partner countries by improving their agricultural supply and retail systems, introducing agricultural digitization, and extending loans to agricultural enterprises. In response to the problems encountered in global food and agricultural development, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) compiled the World agriculture: towards 2015/2030, a review and roadmap. The review addresses hunger, poverty, climate change, and the preservation of natural resources. FAO believes that the development of food and agriculture is a core issue in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. For Taiwan, agriculture has long played an important role in the nation's economic development. Furthermore, Taiwan boasts a rich assortment of agricultural goods and internationally renowned agricultural technology. In the future, Taiwan will provide technical skills, loans, digital technology, and monitoring tools to continuously contribute to the field of international food production. Such an approach is both in line with global interests and provides valuable feedback to creative and forward-thinking development visions within the island.

Health

Despite the improvements made to global health, many challenges such as poverty, inequality, conflict, and climate change remain unsolved. To ensure the health and well-being of all age groups, the WHO formulated the Thirteenth General Programme of Work 2019-2023 (GPW 13) to realize the indicators set in SDG 3, with the total beneficiary count of the program reaching three billion people. GPW 13 is linked to three interrelated and specific targets: universal health coverage, better protection from health emergencies, and superior health and well-being. Universal health coverage echoes SDG 3.8, the aim of which is to build a strong healthcare system with a solid footing in primary health care by strengthening community services, health promotion, and disease prevention. This ensures that everyone can have access to safe, effective, quality, and affordable essential medicines and vaccines. GPW 13 notes that the current, rather slow rate of promotion for universal health coverage will not be able to achieve SDG 3.8 globally by 2030. Governments and organizations around the world should therefore step up promotion through concerted effort and cooperation. In recent years, the TaiwanICDF has increased its intervention in the policy-making, medical institutions, and local communities of partner countries to enhance their respective medical capabilities. The TaiwanICDF has established themes and indicators that are both in line with GPW 13 and correspond to the needs of allied and partner countries so that the TaiwanICDF can meet international development trends in implementation and evaluation and accomplish global sustainable development milestones.

Learning and Capacity Building

UN data shows that the accessibility to education in the world has markedly improved. However, about 260 million children and teenagers remained educationally deprived in 2017, of which half did not even possess basic reading and math abilities. It has become clear that rapid technological advancements have not been able to ensure that educational environment, staff, and quality meet global needs. Continuing education for adults continues to be lacking as well, with 750 million adults in the world failing basic literacy requirements. SDG 4 aims to "ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all," though the issue of unequal access to education and technical skill development in certain gender populations and underprivileged groups remains a problem to be solved. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) adopted and launched at a high-level meeting the Education 2030 Framework for Action, which provides guidance on how to achieve access to inclusive and equal quality education and lifelong learning. The TaiwanICDF seeks to provide diverse education solutions that can meet the economic and societal development needs of partner countries through people-oriented planning for the promotion of its education projects. The TaiwanICDF will continue to assist in the development of formal, non-formal, and informal education in partner countries through comprehensive capacity building by way of higher education scholarships, technical education enhancement, professional workshops, and on-site technical guidance, thereby contributing to the development of the economy, life quality, and gender equality.

Governance

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) defines governance as the system of values, policies, and institutions by which a society manages its economic, political, and social affairs through interactions within and among the state, civil society, and private sector. In recent years, public governance has become increasingly focused on the allocation of domestic resources, especially in vulnerable countries threatened by issues of national security. In response, the UN proposed the Good Governance in Sustainable Development (GGSD) Program to assist societies to develop effective governments within a democratic system and to implement sustainable development principles through global partnerships, by way of empowering the public to enable them to effectively participate in decision making for public interest and to undertake public welfare initiatives through developing relevant capacity. In addition, the OECD has established a public governance institution to assist governments with proposing cross-cutting issues initiatives to achieve sustainable development in public governance through the pursuit of SDGs 2, 5, 6, 9, 11, and 16. The focus on the digital economy and the development of digital governance to increase overall national competitiveness has also become a recognized trend in recent years. By leveraging Taiwan's strengths in the ICT sector, the TaiwanICDF continues its effort to assist partner countries in improving their telecommunications infrastructure, establishing digital governance systems, and training their technicians through relevant projects and funding. Taiwan's experience in integrating government services can help partner countries build smart cities through eco-friendly and digital technologies, which can help provide expedient government services to their people while upgrading the services and capabilities of partner governments.

Climate Change and Ocean Sustainability 

The passing of the Katowice Climate Package in the 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP24) demonstrated the determination of all attending parties to officially enact the Paris Agreement in 2020. Following the enactment of the package, UN Secretary-General António Guterres also called on world governments to demonstrate their acknowledgment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C and to take action to meet each nation's nationally determined contributions (NDCs) in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and implement commitments regarding climate change adaptation and mitigation. To this end, the 2019 UN Climate Action Summit focused on nine key action areas: youth and public mobilization; social and political drivers; energy transition; finance and carbon pricing; resilience and adaptation; nature-based solutions; industry transition; mitigation strategy; and cities infrastructure and local action. These areas will become the basis for national policies targeting greenhouse gas emission reductions and climate change adaptation and mitigation. The TaiwanICDF will also take these tracks into consideration to modify project goals and implementation based on existing foreign technical assistance and financing plans. Additionally, energy conservation and carbon reduction have become major considerations for national policies. The TaiwanICDF will persist in the promotion of renewable energy and greenhouse gas emission reductions through tools like technical assistance and green financing. The TaiwanICDF will continue with its bilateral cooperations with partner countries and international organizations to fulfill its responsibility as a global citizen and contribute to environmental protection efforts.

Economic Development and Global Partnerships

According to UN estimates, current global unemployment has returned to pre-financial crisis levels, however, global economic growth remains slow. In 2017, the world GDP per capita growth was 1.9 percent, with estimates for 2018 to 2020 at around 2 percent. This figure is higher than the 1.63 percent seen in 2015 but far lower than the 3 percent annual growth seen in 2010. At the same time, GDP per capita growth for less developed countries is projected to rise from 4.5 percent in 2017 to 5.7 percent in 2020, with both figures being far lower than the 7 percent set forth by the 2030 agenda. SDG 8 has set clear goals for economic growth. The goal promotes inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all. Small and medium-sized enterprises are the cornerstone of Taiwan's economic development. Consequently, the TaiwanICDF hopes to transfer the wealth of resources and experience gained from our own development process to partner countries through specialized projects aimed at increasing the output and efficiency of their small and medium-sized enterprises by means of financial services and technical cooperation, as to promote greater commercial competitiveness and more employment opportunities. Such projects accelerate global economic growth as well as effectively channel resources for development aid, and have already assisted in the value chain and market integration of enterprises from Paraguay, Guatemala, Eswatini, Palau, and St. Kitts and Nevis. The TaiwanICDF's projects also aid with the development of industries in partner countries. For example, the selling of Guatemalan papayas in the U.S., and recently, the production of avocados in Honduras, planting of fruit trees in Eswatini, and the establishment of advisory mechanisms for local cultural industries in Guatemala have all been effective in driving economic growth in those countries. The TaiwanICDF is also actively integrating domestic industries with foreign aid programs to help create overseas business opportunities, strengthen public-private partnership, and mobilize domestic resources for business development in response to the recent trend of declining funding for official development assistance worldwide.

  • Update: 2022/02/23
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