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Technical Cooperation

Project Name: Rice Production Improvement Project (Nicaragua)
Project Description:

Nicaragua suffers from a long-term deficit in grains. Production of staple grains is insufficient and more than 40 percent are imported, for which reason the government has placed a great emphasis on food security. With rice and beans having always been Nicaragua’s two most important staple grains, the Taiwan Technical Mission in Nicaragua has long been involved in providing production guidance for these two foodstuffs.

In terms of rice, a Taiwan-Nicaragua rice center and rice seed production farm were established in Sébaco in 2005, and an office, a grain storage warehouses, a farm machinery depot and other buildings would also be constructed there over the next five years. Large items of machinery such as dryers and harvesters were then purchased, marking the beginning of cooperation with the Nicaraguan Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA) and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) on rice seed breeding operations, as well as the implementation of a three-tier rice seed reproduction system, aiming to improve the yield per unit area and quality of rice produced in Nicaragua.

In terms of beans, INTA has been cooperating with the Caprosec cooperative on the production of registered seed. Furthermore, in line with the nation’s Agro-seeds Program (Programa Agroalimentario de Semilla, PAS), cooperation was begun with INTA-Masatepe to produce breeder seed and to provide guidance to the Coopradiles cooperative on the production of registered seed. This is expected to raise Nicaragua’s yields of fine bean seed, enhancing the utilization rate of the country’s own qualified bean seeds and increasing production for domestic use and for export.

尼加拉瓜稻作生產改進計畫

Implementation Start Date: 2009/1/1
Implementation End Date: 2014/12/31
Source of Funding: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Julio and other cooperatives
Project Objectives:

The objectives of this project are:

  1. Select and introduce high-quality varieties of rice:
    1. Select and introduce high-quality varieties of indica rice, and propagate parent material, basic seed and certified seed at the Taiwan-Nicaragua Rice Trial Research and Training Center and the Taiwan Technical Mission’s farm.
    2. Produce 465 tons of basic seed over 93 hectares. During the project period, output is expected to be worth US$372,000, while basic seed produced will support the propagation of certified seed over 3,000 hectares.
    3. Build capacity among cooperative technicians at the Nicaraguan Institute of Agricultural Technology and the National Center for Agricultural Research and Biotechnology (INTA-CNIAB).
    4. Conduct two field demonstration activities to promote rice propagation management techniques and increase the ratio of farmers planting qualified rice seedlings in Nicaragua by introducing high-quality varieties produced at the Taiwan Technical Mission’s farm.
  2. Improve production of rice:
    1. Assist five cooperatives in Sébaco, Nandaime and El Timarregion to produce rice over 1,377 hectares over a two-year period.
    2. Improve rice cultivation techniques by conduct two training classes for 50 persons over a two-year period.
    3. Improve the operational capacity of cooperatives and farmers by conducting four field demonstration activities over a two-year period.
    4. Assist cooperatives to operate independently by building capacity in organizational operations, account management and cultivation technology.
  3. Conduct bean (frijol) seedling production:
    1. Coopradiles cooperative certified bean seed production plan: Assist the cooperative to produce fresh, high-quality seed to farmers and increase farmers’ per-unit production yields and income.
    2. INTA parent material production plan for beans: Cooperate with INTA Pacifico Sur to produce 36 tons of parent material over 28 hectares and supply such material to bean seedling propagation units throughout Nicaragua via INTA-CNIAB.
Executing Agency:
  1. Taiwan Technical Mission in the Republic of Nicaragua
  2. Nicaraguan Institute of Agricultural Technology and National Center for Agricultural Research and Biotechnology (INTA-CNIAB) (Republic of Nicaragua)
  3. International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) (Republic of Nicaragua)
  4. Nicaraguan Institute for Cooperative Development (INFOCOOP) (Republic of Nicaragua)
Implementation Arrangement: Members of the Taiwan Technical Mission will provide technical assistance and assistance for capacity building.
Current Progress:

To the end of September 2014, the following activities have been completed:

In 2009:

  1. Planted foundation rice seed over 5.5 hectares.
  2. Planted certified rice seed over 24 hectares.
  3. Trained three INTA technicians.
  4. Assisted cooperatives to produce rice over 396.5 hectares.
  5. Planted foundation bean seed over 34.3 hectares.

In 2010:

  1. Planted foundation rice seed over 5.5 hectares.
  2. Planted registered rice seed over 88.2 hectares.
  3. Planted certified rice seed over 96 hectares.
  4. Trained three INTA technicians.
  5. Completed the naming of INTA Fortaresza Secano as a new, high-quality variety of rice.
  6. Assisted cooperatives to produce rice over 535.4 hectares.
  7. Planted foundation bean seed over 34.3 hectares.
  8. Assisted cooperatives to produce beans over 360 hectares.

In 2011:

  1. Planted foundation rice seed over 5.2 hectares.
  2. Planted registered rice seed over 78 hectares.
  3. Planted certified rice seed over 62 hectares.
  4. Trained two INTA technicians.
  5. Assisted cooperatives to produce rice over 717 hectares.
  6. Planted foundation bean seed over 22.4 hectares.
  7. Assisted cooperatives to produce beans over 191.8 hectares.

In 2012:

  1. Planted foundation rice seed over 7.4 hectares.
  2. Planted registered rice seed over 81.2 hectares.
  3. Planted certified rice seed over 63 hectares.
  4. Trained six INTA technicians.
  5. Completed the naming of INTA L8 and INTA L9 as new, high-quality varieties of rice.
  6. Assisted cooperatives to produce rice over 681 hectares.
  7. Planted foundation bean seed over 28 hectares.
  8. Assisted cooperatives to produce beans over 140 hectares.

In 2013:

  1. Planted foundation rice seed over 7.4 hectares.
  2. Planted registered rice seed over 80 hectares.
  3. Planted certified rice seed over 74 hectares.
  4. Trained six INTA technicians.
  5. Conducted preparatory procedures for the naming of POBL 1-11 as a new, high-quality variety of rice.
  6. Assisted cooperatives to produce rice over 460 hectares.

In 2014:

  1. Select and introduce high-quality varieties of rice:
    (1) Conducted four comparative trials over 1.4 hectares.
    (2) Planted 7.1 hectares of foundation seed and harvested 21.7 tons.
    (3) Trained three INTA technicians and 10 assistant technicians.
  2. Registered and certified seed production:
    (1) Planted registered seed over 25.4 hectares.
    (2) Planted certified seed over 60.2 hectares.
  3. Rice extension and project reporting:
    (1) Completed 13 field demonstration training courses.
Project Type: Technical Assistance and Capacity Building
Mission: Taiwan Technical Mission in the Republic of Nicaragua
Sector: Production Sectors
Sector Item: Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Cooperating Country: Central America, Nicaragua
Themes: Agriculture
Project status: Completed projects
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  • Date Updated:2018/8/29
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