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Overview and Practice on International Development and Cooperation

  • Project Supervisor : James C. F. Huang
  • Managing Editor : Cheng-Chung Chen
  • Chinese Narrative : TaiwanICDF
  • Publisher : BEST-WISE PUBLISHING CO., LTD.
  • ISBN: 978-957-28648-4-5
  • First Publication : 2006 / 7
  • Language : Chinese
  • ISBN : 957-28648-3-1
Summary

From a historical perspective, Official Development Assistance (ODA) was first initiated right after WWII. And for half a century, the way ODA was conducted gradually changed in terms of content, methodology, policy and emphasis due to fluctuations in international political affairs and the different perceptions of donors. Generally speaking, 1990 was a watershed for different approaches. Before 1990, official assistance had focused more on the economic areas of development, and in some cases, the donor country decided on the needs of a recipient country unilaterally. However, due to the limitations of assistance resources, the condition of poverty in many developing countries has not yet been alleviated through approximately 50 year’s of assistance and cooperation. The current wave of globalization has also brought great pressure on economic systems, thereby placing ODA implementation on the agenda of the international community with much debate and review. The book “Overview and Practice on International Development and Cooperation” aims to introduce ODA to Taiwanese readers by providing a discussion of its implementation methodologies as well as case studies. The book starts with the origins of ODA, the organizations and institutions established during that period, development approaches and strategies, the sectors in which ODA is implemented and the stakeholders participating in the operations. This is followed with Taiwan’s experience from being an aid recipient country to one able to provide assistance. The book also details the history of the formation of the TaiwanICDF as the premier organization responsible for Taiwan’s official development assistance and the TaiwanICDF’s operations strategies. This book hopes to present both the concepts and the practices of ODA to the readers interested in this area.

Editorial Review

I felt very proud to see the book “Overview and Practice on International Development and Cooperation” published. I believe this book will bring a greater understanding of the concepts and practices of international development cooperation for the people of Taiwan. This book carries the reader from an explanation of foreign assistance to case studies of the TaiwanICDF’s development work conducted under the “whole-dimension diplomatic strategy” initiated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. I am sure that through this book readers will gain great insight about foreign assistance, and I hope that “Overview and Practice on International Development and Cooperation” will start attracting more attention from civil society in order that more resources can be poured into this field.

Chen Shui-bian
President of the Republic of China (Taiwan)


Since the foundation of the TaiwanICDF ten years ago, the Fund has accumulated an abundance of both practical and theoretical knowledge. Through teamwork and dedication, Overview and Practice on International Development and Cooperation was released.

Through the collaboration of information and firsthand experience, this book outlines the process and current state of the practices of development and cooperation within the international community. Thereby, allowing readers to have a better gauge of international development and cooperation as well as an in-depth understanding of the participating organizations, methods, tools of involvement, etc. Furthermore, this book returns its focus to Taiwan and explains through a historical perspective the way in which Taiwan transformed itself from being an aid recipient country to one able to provide assistance. In addition, the book summarizes Taiwan’s involvement in humanitarian activities from a practical perspective and introduces the way in which the TaiwanICDF conducts cases, the methods it employs and the outcomes.

Su Tseng-Chang
Premier of the Republic of China (Taiwan)

Taiwan has participated in international development and cooperation work for over 45 years. In order to fully utilize limited foreign aid resources, the government of Taiwan established the TaiwanICDF. Together with the strength and capacity of the government and civil society, we have successfully responded to the trend of globalization, assisting developing countries to evolve from a traditional agricultural and piscatorial society into a more industrialized and developed country. Integrating the strengths of the different core works of the TaiwanICDF: Banking and Finance, Technical Cooperation, International Human Resource Development and Humanitarian Assistance, we have successfully helped many developing countries to become more self-reliant. In celebration of the TaiwanICDF’s 10th anniversary, the Fund has published the book: Overview and Practice on International Development and Cooperation. With this book, the populace of Taiwan will be able to gain a greater understanding and deeper insight into the endeavors of international development and cooperation.

James C.F. Huang
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Chairman of the
TaiwanICDF

While writing this book, we consulted many experts of different fields within the TaiwanICDF to brainstorm, debate and discuss the structure of this work. In the process of reaching a consensus, we had also clarified the historic patterns and current trends of international development, in order to explore and bridge the divergence between theoretical and real world practices. Furthermore, we analyzed Taiwan’s strengths and weaknesses to see the other areas in which Taiwan could participate. We started from the history of international development and cooperation and then analyzed the participants, methods, means and mechanisms of international development and cooperation. Then we used Taiwan as an example, the country, which managed to successfully transform itself from being an aid recipient to being a donor. Later in the book, we showed how the TaiwanICDF represented Taiwan in the works of international development. The strategies and the operations involved were illustrated to allow the readers to have an accurate overview of Taiwan’s development and cooperation work.

The publication of Overview and Practice on International Development and Cooperation was without a doubt a new challenge. Due to the extensiveness and the comprehensiveness of this topic, we could not include everything about this topic in this work, so we concentrated on the main concepts and practices of international development and cooperation. Moreover, we felt the need to initiate and raise public awareness in this area. With this book, the TaiwanICDF hopes to encourage greater participation and discussion from fellow experts as criticism leads to improvement. With that, we hope to motivate the populace of Taiwan to engage in the work of international development and cooperation.

Chen Cheng-Chung
Secretary General of the TaiwanICDF

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