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Honduras
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Honduras

Department: Technical Cooperation
Project Name: Strengthening the Control of Huanglongbing (HLB) and the Implementation of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Citrus Project (Regional)
Project Description:

With the citrus industry representing an important economic pillar in Central American countries, this project will aim to develop prevention and control capabilities for Huanglongbing (HLB), also known as citrus greening disease, in five countries affected by the disease (the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and Nicaragua), as well as work to prevent the spread of HLB to two non-infected countries (El Salvador and Panama). HLB poses a grave threat to the region’s citrus industry, and could result in huge losses of production output in a sector worth an estimated US$1 billion if not effectively prevented and treated. Taiwan’s extensive experience in preventing HLB has led the International Regional Organisation for Plant and Animal Health (OIRSA) to seek out the TaiwanICDF’s assistance, and the two sides subsequently signed a memorandum for this Strengthening the Control of Huanglongbing (HLB) and the Implementation of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Citrus Project, which will look to safeguard the quality and yields of citrus fruits being grown in each of the project countries.

In enhancing the prevention and control of HLB, the main components of this project will include: (1) replacing HLB-infected plants from stocks of healthy seedlings; (2) implementing integrated pest control measures in citrus cultivation areas; (3) enhancing HLB detection methods; and (4) establishing an HLB monitoring and reporting system to facilitate a rapid response to any outbreaks of the disease.

Specific project work components will include: (1) establishing a seedling nursery and stem tip grafting laboratory for the production of healthy grafts of citrus fruits; (2) organizing workshops and implementing an IPM model so as to enhance public awareness regarding the prevention of HLB; (3) strengthening capacity to identify symptoms and perform PCR detection; (4) establishing Asian citrus psyllid traps and buffer zones for monitoring the epidemic.

黃龍病

Region: Caribbean, Central America
Implementation Start Date: 2012/12/11
Implementation End Date: 2017/12/10
Approval Amount: US$6,561,495
Project Objectives:

The objectives of this project are to:

  1. Develop the capacity of beneficiary countries to produce citrus genetic material which is healthy, affordable and of high quality.
  2. Encourage producers to adopt effective technologies suited to the integrated management of HLB and other pests of economic importance.
  3. Strengthen the technical capacity of beneficiary countries for HLB diagnosis using the latest technologies.
  4. Strengthen the surveillance and prevention of HLB in pest-free countries and/or pest-free areas.
Executing Agency:
  1. TaiwanICDF
  2. International Regional Organisation for Plant and Animal Health (OIRSA)
Current Progress:

To the end of Septembre 2017, the following activities have been completed:

In 2014

  1. Completed the construction of the healthy seedling nurseries in El Salvador, Honduras and Belize.
  2. Construction of the nursery in Panama was 87 percent complete.
  3. Established 25 HLB-IPM control demonstration plots in Belize, Honduras and Guatemala.
  4. Established Asian citrus psyllid monitoring channels in El Salvador and Panama.
  5. Compiled manuals on PCR testing, rapid iodine testing, IPM, and healthy plant production.
  6. Held five training sessions on PCR detection, the identification of symptoms and rapid iodine testing procedures.
  7. Delivered 800 iodine test kits to El Salvador from Taiwan.
  8. Published 58 articles in various media outlets.

In 2015

  1. Manage two primary level nurseries, five secondary level nursery(mature tree 1,556 strains), produced 3,850 healthy scion, to supply the health citrus seed and replace infected plant.
  2. Removed 90 infected plant, sprayed 945 ha / times, and released 158,350  Tamarixia radiata for biological control, to establish HLB quarantine area protecting PFAs.
  3. Hold on 31 seminars and provide technical training for 729 persons, citrus farmer training for 890 persons, laboratory testing training for 9 persons, to improve the ability to construct the HLB prevention technology to enhance the efficiency of prevention.
  4. Established 25 commercial demonstration field, through prevention technology, improving the regional citrus farmers' planting level, and enhance crop production technology and production.
  5. Establish and track three psyllid trapping channel, detected 7,178 plant samples and provided rapid detection training  for 1,552 persons, to monitor the dynamic distribution of HLB.

In 2016

  1. Manage two primary level nurseries, six secondary level nurseries, two thrid level nurseries(mature tree 1,556 strains), produced 188,052 healthy scion and 77,000 rootstock plant, to supply the health citrus seed and replace infected plant.
  2. Removed 7,784 infected plant, sprayed 7,776.5 ha / times, and released 341,650  Tamarixia radiata for biological control, to establish HLB quarantine area protecting PFAs.
  3. Provided citrus farmer training for 2,134 persons, laboratory testing training for 4 persons, to improve the ability to construct the HLB prevention technology to enhance the efficiency of prevention.
  4. Established 29 commercial demonstration field, through prevention technology, improving the regional citrus farmers' planting level, and enhance crop production technology and production.
  5. Establish and track three psyllid trapping channel, completed trapping observed 3,215 times in 209 monitor point (2,387 psyllid detection), to monitor the dynamic distribution of HLB.

In 2017

  1. Manage two primary level nurseries, ten secondary level nurseries, two thrid level nurseries(mature tree 1,556 strains), produced 565,758 healthy scion, 184,479 rootstock plant and 22,693 grafting plant, to supply the health citrus seed and replace infected plant.
  2. Provided citrus farmer training for 903 persons, laboratory testing training for 4 persons, to improve the ability to construct the HLB prevention technology to enhance the efficiency of prevention.
  3. Established 29 commercial demonstration field, through prevention technology, improving the regional citrus farmers' planting level, and enhance crop production technology and production.
  4. Establish and track three psyllid trapping channel, completed trapping observed 2,312 times in 209 monitor point (3,224 psyllid detection), to monitor the dynamic distribution of HLB.
Project Contact: Ken Hua Chang
Phone: 886-2-2873-2323 ext 218
E-mail: k.h.chang@icdf.org.tw
Projected Benefits:
  1. In each of the beneficiary countries, 100 percent of HLB-infected citrus plants will be replaced by healthy seedlings.
  2. In each of the beneficiary countries, IPM technologies will be adopted across 25 percent of areas used for citrus production.
  3. Training on diagnosis will be provided to personnel in each beneficiary country, raising capacity to 50 percent.
  4. Surveillance and reporting systems will be established in pest-free countries (El Salvador and Panama) and/or pest-free areas.
Sector: Production Sectors
Sector Item: Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Cooperating Country: Caribbean, Central America, Dominican Republic, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Belize
Cooperating Organization: Organismo Internacional Regional de Sanidad Agropecuaria (OIRSA)
Project status: Projects under implementation
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  • Date:2014/2/14
  • Date Updated:2017/11/12