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In 2000, the United Nations drafted the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to address the challenges posed by environmental issues such as climate change, global warming and greenhouse gas emissions that have severely undermined human security and economic development. The seventh MDG is to ensure environmental sustainability. In 2015, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) pointed out the responsibility borne by private enterprises in promoting environmental sustainability, while also encouraging civil society and governments to develop partnerships to that end. In the same year, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris urged signatories to focus on helping less developed countries (LDCs) adapt to the impacts of climate change.

Taking the example of Latin America and the Caribbean where Taiwan has the most diplomatic allies, the UN has designated the region as highly vulnerable to the impact of climate variability. In recent years, the TaiwanICDF has sought to integrate Taiwan’s development experience and technological tools in the fields of agriculture, climate and disaster prevention in order to provide technical assistance and capacity building. This is intended to strengthen the capacity of partner countries to adapt and mitigate disasters in the face of climate change, while also promoting sustainable development and consumption in primary industries, using technology to facilitate sustainable resource management and improve post-disaster recovery and adaptive capacity.

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) pointed out in its annual report that agriculture in St. Kitts and Nevis faces a number of problems: most farms are small and fragmented, industrial farming has become less profitable, agricultural labor costs are high, agricultural populations are aging and traditionally grown crops lack diversity. Following field studies by Taiwanese experts and their assessments of agricultural vulnerability to climate change of the country, they proposed the Enhancing Agricultural Adaptive Capacity to Climate Variability Project. The project focuses on three measures: Establish an early warning information collection mechanism, develop or introduce techniques to prevent and reduce crop disasters, and increase the dissemination of agricultural information. These are expected to improve the adaptive capacity and resilience of the agricultural sector in St. Kitts and Nevis to climate variability.

Energy efficiency and carbon reduction is already an important focal point in the development of national policies around the world. In addition to bilateral cooperation, the TaiwanICDF works closely with international organizations through green financing and loans, to jointly promote renewable energy and greenhouse gas reduction projects, shouldering its responsibility as a global citizen in environmental protection.

For example, the TaiwanICDF partnered with the EBRD in the implementation of Green Energy Financing Facility (GEFF) in Central and Eastern Europe, the Balkans, and Central Asia. Under the GEFF cooperation, the EBRD and the FIISF will jointly extend financing to Participating Financial Institutions which will finance eligible sustainable energy and resource efficiency investments. This program will address multiple market barriers to financing green technologies. It aims to scale up private sector investment in the more sustainable use of energy and other resources and climate resilience projects. Romania is an energy-intensive country. Most Romanian residential buildings are generally of older construction with low insulation, and have become one of the main reasons for the country’s high energy consumption. The program can provide finance to Romanian households to invest in green products and make their homes more energy efficient and comfortable. On the demand side, people will be more aware of the benefits of green housing, and on the supply side, the affordability of home energy efficiency and green technology is made possible with the provision of loans by local banks, and Romania’s overall energy conservation efforts will benefit. The project has partnered with three financial institutions, and is expected to help 15,000 households to improve energy efficiency, achieve carbon dioxide emissions reduction by 25,000 tons a year, and save 80,000 MWh of primary energy.

To address the waste crisis in Jordan as a result of the dual impact of rapid population growth and the influx of refugees, the TaiwanICDF, through the GESF jointly established with the EBRD, provided loan proceeds to assist Greater Amman import new technology that transforms methane into energy and build new landfill cells to increase waste processing capacity. Moreover, the loan is to help introduce new solid waste processing technology and implement a comprehensive landfill-gas (LFG) recovery system. Through this project, the Government of Greater Amman Municipality has not only established a new solid waste management company, it has also contracted the design, execution and operation of the landfill-gas recovery system to a private sector company based on a build-operate-transfer (BOT) contract. This partnership with the private sector seeks to increase the operational efficiency of the landfill-gas recovery system and will serve as a model for cities across the Middle East.

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